Sabarimala Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ayyappan situated at Sabarimala, Kerala, India. In the past, women of menstruating age were not permitted to worship here, this ban is said to be out of respect to the celibate nature of the deity in this temple.
We have put together a timeline to help you know everything about Sabarimala controversy:
1990: S. Mahendran files plea in the Kerala high court seeking a ban on the entry of women to the Sabarimala temple.
April 5, 1991: Kerala high court upholds the age-old restriction on women entering the Sabarimala temple.
August 4, 2006: Indian Young Lawyers Association files plea in the Supreme Court of India seeking to ensure the entry of female devotees between the age group of 10-50 at the Sabarimala temple.
November 2007: The CPI(M) (Communist Party Of India Marxist) -led the LDF government of Kerala to file an affidavit supporting the PIL(Public Interest Litigation) questioning ban on women’s entry.
January 11, 2016: Two-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India questions practice banning entry of women at the Sabarimala temple.
February 6, 2016: Indian National Congress-led UDF government tells the Supreme Court of India that it is duty-bound to protect the right to practice the religion of these devotees.
April 11, 2016: The Supreme Court of India says that gender justice is endangered by the ban on women entering the Sabarimala temple.
April 13, 2016: Supreme Court says that the tradition cannot justify a ban on the entry of women.
April 21, 2016: Hind Navotthana Pratishtan and Narayanashrama Tapovanam files plea in the Supreme Court of India supporting the entry of women in the Sabarimala temple.
November 7, 2016: LDF government files a fresh affidavit in the Supreme Court of India saying that it favored the entry of women of all age groups in the Sabarimala temple.
October 13, 2017: The Supreme Court of India refers the case to the Constitution bench.
October 27, 2017: Plea filed in Supreme Court for a gender-equal bench to hear the case.
July 17, 2018: Five-judge Constitution bench starts hearing the matter regarding the controversy.
July 19, 2018: The Supreme Court of India says that women have a fundamental right to enter the Sabarimala temple.
July 24, 2018: The Supreme Court of India made it clear that the ban on entry of women would be tested on the constitutional ethos.
July 25, 2018: Nair Service Society tells The Supreme Court of India that the celibate nature of Sabarimala temple’s presiding deity Lord Ayyappa is protected by the Constitution of India.
July 26, 2018: The Supreme Court of India observes that it can’t remain oblivious to the ban on the entry of women.
July 31, 2018: The Supreme Court of India says that the constitutional scheme prohibiting exclusion has value in a democracy.
August 1, 2018: The Supreme Court of India bench of Chief Justice of India D. Misra and Justices R.F. Nariman, A.M. Khanwilkar, D.Y. Chandrachud and I. Malhotra reserve verdict.
September 28, 2018: The Supreme Court of India, in 4:1 verdict, allows entry of women in Sabarimala temple.
October 2018: The State government seeks time to implement the verdict. Largescale protests prevent women from entering the Sabarimala temple.
November 2018: The Supreme Court of India agrees to hear review petitions against its verdict.
January 1, 2019: Women of the state form a historic 620-km “Women’s Wall”, a human chain spreading across all 14 districts to promote women’s rights.
January 2, 2019: 96 days after the Supreme Court of India’s judgment, two women enter the Sabarimala temple.
January 3, 2019: Massive protests in response to the entry of the two women.
February 2019: The Supreme Court of India reserves its order on the review petition.
November 14, 2019: The apex court refers to the review petitions to a larger bench.