National Education Day is an observance in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education minister of independent India.
National Education Day is celebrated by Indians on 11 November every year.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development announced it on 11 September 2008 without declaring it a holiday.
All educational institutions in the country mark the day with seminars, essay-writing, and rallies with banner cards on the importance of education.
We have put together a guide to help you know everything about Abul Kalam Azad:
Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad was an Indian scholar and independence activist.
He is commonly known as Maulana Azad; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning ‘Our Master’ and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name.
As a young man, Azad composed poetry in the Urdu language.
He became popular through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj.
Azad promoted Swadeshi (indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India.
In October 1920, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was elected as a member of the foundation committee to establish Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh without taking help from the British colonial government.
Azad was one of the main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.
He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institute of Technology and the laying foundation of the University Grants Commission.
Many institutions across India have also been named in his honor. Some of them are the Maulana Azad Medical College, the Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, the Maulana Azad National Urdu University and Maulana Azad Centre for Elementary and Social Education (MACESE Delhi University).